Rose Damascene as the Queen of flowers has been the symbol of love, purity, faith and beauty since the ancient times.
In Iran, cultivation and consumption of Rosa Damascene has a long history. Distillation of roses was probably developed in Persia in the late 7th century A.D.
It was brought to Europe and has been cultivated in European countries. Rose plant cultivation in Iran are around 15000 hectares which are more than 65% of the Rosa Damascene plantation of the world. After Iran follows Bulgaria, Turkey and India.